Posted on

german raider michel

The German Imperial Navy, before the outbreak of World war one, requested that the major German Ocean Liner and shipping companies. Built as a banana boat for the South American trade, she was due to be named Santa Cruz before she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine in the spring of 1939 before completion and converted into a merchant cruiser. produce their new ships with special requirements, so that in case of war they could easily be converted to take Armament. They struck unsuspecting freighters and tankers out of the darkness of night or from behind a curtain of fog and mist. He studied Asian history and politics at the University of Western Sydney. Michel was to be assigned the South Atlantic area which had been vacated by the Thor, which had moved into the Indian Ocean. This achieved, a spread of torpedoes was fired, two of which hit the Michel. In World War II nine German Merchant raiders, Atlantis, Komet, Kormoran, Michel, Orion, Pinguin, Stier, Thor, and Widder, sank or … The next raider which spent more than a year at sea was Michel. A warning salvo that followed shortly afterwards from Thor convinced captain of the Norwegian motor-tanker Herborg to stop. The delivery guy calls me before his visit, so I don’t get anxious about it. The freighter quickly went down, with 26 survivors taken aboard Michel. Gumprich survived and was soon assigned to another raider that would arrive in Japan early in 1943. This being achieved, the target was unable to escape and after a brief shelling was stopped and boarded. West - Burma - Rangoon, the entry port for the Burma Road, fell to the Japanese on the 8th. On the 9th December, a storm had forced the Michel to halt and ride out the swells, but a surprisingly another ship emerged from the gloom and all hands were quickly ordered to their battle stations. She briefly stopped there before heading to Japan for refit, arriving in Yokohama on October 9th 1942. 2 torpedoes from the Esau caused damage but Ferncastle’s captain thought they came from a U-boat. Victims of other German raiders SOME FACTS ON MICHEL:M/S Michel(HSK IX SCHIFF 28) was being built at Danzig for the Gdynia America Line as the fruit carrier Bielskobut was seized by the Germans and launched as Bonnat the end of 1939 (Norddeutschen Lloyd). It was originally planned to fit out the Bonn as a hospital ship, before the decision was made to convert her into a raider. The Battle of Midway: the Dive Bomber Attack, The Battle of Midway: The Island Strikes Back. August 16, 2020 A German prize crew went aboard the liner and repaired the slight damage caused by a sabotage attempt, before both the Nankin and the Regensburg were sent on to Japan. Unfortunately, I can not say which raider is shown on the video. Engines by shipbuilder. One could still make a difference. michel michel (hsk-9) was an auxiliary cruiser of the german navy that operated as a merchant raider during world war ii. The German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis, known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 16 and to the Royal Navy as Raider-C, was a converted German Hilfskreuzer, or merchant or commerce raider of the Kriegsmarine, which, in World War II, travelled more than 161,000 km (100,000 mi) in 602 days, and sank or captured 22 ships with a combined tonnage of 144,384. 0. On her return to Japan, just 50 miles (80 km) out from port, and not zigzagging,[3] Michel was sighted by US submarine Tarpon, that attacked in one of the few instances of American submarines attacking a German vessel during World War II, hitting her with three torpedoes. The captain of the ship was very professional and apparently cared for his sailors and prisoners. Thank God now I can order medicines on https://www.carrienet.com/buy-ativan/. From three liferafts, 47 survivors were picked up and taken prisoner. Thirty mariners and 9 Navy men were taken prisoners, and turned over to the Japanese in Singapore. It helps me to minimize contact with people and get exactly what I need and when I need it. On the 30th of March Thor shadowed a freighter for several hours before Gumprich sent his Ar 196 into action with orders to use a grappling hook to rip her radio antenna away. Embiricos, took off her crew, and sank her with a torpedo. Privateers freighters are already a very old idea: Since the Renaissance and seventeenth or eighteenth centuries, merchant ships were armed, but with a reduced artillery. Michel was to operate in the South Atlantic and first sank the British tanker Patelle (7,469 gross register tons (GRT)) on 19 April. After a successful cruise of eleven and a half months, Michel arrived in Japan in March 1943, via Singapore where rescued sailors were off loaded. WWI was as much about economics as it was about action. Finally she was caught up by HMAS Sydney, which Kormoran sank after a vicious fight. The raider closed in to attack and opened fire in the darkness, quickly finding that range and landing hits on target. Military resources like steel and gasoline were required, as well as less obvious ones like rubber. There she narrowly avoided destruction when she spotted the American light cruiser Trenton, but Michel managed to slip away without being spotted. Michel and Esau together stalked the target, before the cruiser opened fire with guns and torpedoes, and the speedboat added her own fish as well. The ship tried to flee from the raider, but also fired back with her single gun and transmitted an SOS message, necessitating a running fight which eventually resulted in the target’s gun crew and the radio operator being killed. Kormoran was the largest and most powerful of the raiders. They were the deadliest ships of World War II?nine German commerce raiders disguised as peaceful cargo ships, flying the flags of neutral and allied nations. The first raider to reach the Pacific was the Orion, also known as “Schiff 16” to the Germans and codenamed “Raider A” by the British. On the 1st of May, however, one potential victim managed to escape. This was another Norwegian vessel, the Ferncastle. The raider refuelled from the tanker Brake on the 14th of November, and commenced hunting. She was given new 150mm guns and a Seetakt radar, the first to be fitted to an auxiliary cruiser. Keen to put pressure on the Royal Navy and force it to defend the sea lanes all over the world, the Kriegsmarine had already decided to send more “hilfskreuzer” to prey on British merchantmen in the far reaches of the world’s oceans. ), credited to that raider, may have been the prize of RAIDER "J". Thor also had a new commanding officer, Kapitän-zur-See Günther Gumprich. These raiders were especially successful in the Indian Ocean and the South Atlantic. Administered under the designation Schiff 41, to the Allied navies she was known as "Raider G." This book is an interesting and easy to read account of a German commercial raider of WW1, SMS Wolf. This ship was launched in April 1939 as the MV Bielsko in Danzig, but was seized by Germans after the invasion of Poland and renamed Bonn. Fires broke out and the crew began abandoning ship. Trenton was patrolling between 22°05′S 172°46′W / 22.083°S 172.767°W / -22.083; -172.767 and 20°16′S 174°56′W / 20.267°S 174.933°W / -20.267; -174.933. Built by Bremer Vulkan in 1937, she began her career as the cargo ship Goldenfels, owned and operated by DDG Hansa, Bremen. Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser Raider)Thor visiting Japan. The survivors, 116 in total, were able to reach Japan after a three-day journey in open boats. PE Matt 29 of the crew escaped into boats and were picked up by Michel, which then met up with Esau and finished off the Aramis. He was convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison, however he died in prison in 1948. Thor’s bows were damaged and she had to return to Kiel for repairs. Torpedoes put and end to the party, and more survivors were plucked from the sea. Had the American cruiser investigated further, is quite possible that the India might have been saved.[1]. On the 11th June 1942 she was sunk by German Raider MICHEL in the South Atlantic. Michel (HSK-9) was an auxiliary cruiser of the German Navy that operated as a merchant raider during World War II. Ruckteschell then received a change to his orders, forbidding him from attempting to break through the Allied blockade and return to Germany. Michel found and sank the elderly liner Gloucester Castle on July 15th, before finding two tankers on a parallel course the next day. Torpedoes from the Esau soon followed and the freighter, the US-flagged Sawolka, sank. Gumprich ordered a northern course to avoid meeting the enemy unit. She was captained by Kapitan zur See Kurt Weyher. The next raider to been sent on a cruise in Far-Eastern waters was the Thor. The raider cruised unsuccessfully off Western Australia before passing through Sunda Strait and making for Borneo. Whilst moored in Yokohama, disaster struck. She retained a single Arado 196 floatplane for reconnaissance, to be flown by Flying Officer Meyer-Ahrens. [1] On 29 August, Michel´s lookouts had sighted what they identified as a Pensacola-class cruiser. Towards the end of the month the Andaman Island group in the Indian Ocean flanking the south of Burma was occupied. After a refit, Michel sailed from Yokohama on 21 May 1943, this time under the command of KzS Günther Gumprich, who had previously commanded the Thor on her second voyage. This was the first time on the entire cruise that the pilot, Konrad Hoppe, had found an enemy ship whilst patrolling. They were the deadliest ships of World War II--nine German commerce raiders disguised as peaceful cargo ships, flying the flags of neutral and allied nations. [4] This event ended the war cruises of German auxiliary commerce raiders. Postwar examination of enemy records revealed that the victim was the German commerce raider MICHEL (Shiff-28) which had been preying on Allied shipping in both the Atlantic and the Pacific. The Esau was sent after one, the tanker Aramis, whilst Michel herself gave chase after the William F. Humphrey. 39 survivors were fished out of the ocean. This was the Norwegian freighter Höegh Silverdawn, which was heading for the Persian Gulf. Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser Raider)Thor visiting Japan. 10. By Jon Guttman It was a gloomy morning that greeted the crew of the 7,181-ton Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942. Two weeks later Michel encountered a feighter in the dead of night, and closed quickly to short range before opening up with a devastating salvo that hit the target’s bridge, defensive guns, and lifeboats whilst also starting fires. On the 2nd of March, Michel arrived at Kobe in the Japanese Home Islands, 358 days after she had left Germany. Rain squalls, high winds and poor visibility were cause … Although most of the crew were captured by the Armed Raider Michel, her Captain Lowe was rescued and eventually returned to the UK. Two days later lookouts spotted a large tanker which was shadowed until nightfall. Ruckteschell took the opportunity to request his relief, due to ill health, and spent the rest of the war in various Japanese hospitals. Michel had a busy time of it, sinking nine ships in the Atlantic over the next few months. This Polish built freighter was converted into an auxiliary cruiser and commissioned into the German Navy on 7 September 1940. After the loss of the Kormoran on November 19th, 1941, there were no German auxiliary cruisers still afloat anywhere in the Pacific or Indian oceans. Altmark was a German oil tanker and supply vessel, one of five of a class built between 1937 and 1939. The Raider Michel The final German auxiliary cruiser to reach the Pacific, indeed the last hilfskreuzer to be active anywhere on the world’s oceans, was Schiff 28, known as Raider H to the Allies, and named Michel. After moving under heavy escort through the English Channel to a port in occupied France, Michel sailed on 20 March 1942 under the command of FK (later KzS) Helmuth von Ruckteschell (who had previously commanded HSK 3, the raider Widder). First, on April 19th, was the British tanker Patella, whose crew was taken off before the ship was sunk with demolition charges. The story is told from the point of view of … Thor was finally ordered into the Indian Ocean when the Michel arrived to take over the South Atlantic beat. Following the sinking, the Michel returned to the scene. She was also outfitted with two Ar 196s and a light speedboat. The fate of the last victim of Michel, the Norwegian tanker India, sunk in the southern Pacific on 11 September 1943 with all hands, was not known until the end of the war. Survivors were taken off, and the burnt out ship later sank. This ship was hit several times by shells and at least one torpedo fired by the raider. After its warning the Royal Navy sent out the cruiser HMS Shropshire and two AMCs. Coordinates: 33°42′0″N 140°08′0″E / 33.7°N 140.133333°E / 33.7; 140.133333, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/German_auxiliary_cruiser_Michel?oldid=2639419, 2 MAN 8-cyl. Her unreliable oil-fired engines were 20 years old and had previously powered the liner New … In time, Michel was to follow her predecessor east. Tarpon - Stern View - Sept. 1942 German Commerce raiders and Auxiliary Cruisers. Thor had also survived three different encounters with Royal Navy armed merchant cruisers, sinking one of them, before returning to Germany in April 1941. Food to keep soldiers and civilians fed and raw materials flowed toward Europ… A month later she came across the Greek-registered M.A. Heading south again, Michel met with the raider Stier and the pair briefly hunted together without success, then split up again. The Last Raider Following the exploits of her illustrious predecessors, the career of the German commerce raider Stier came to an embarrassing end. They struck unsuspecting freighters and tankers out of the darkness of night or from behind a curtain of fog and mist. To keep clear, Thor was to operate well to the southeast. She was carrying a valuable cargo of 11,000 tons of oil. Known as “Schiff 10” to the Germans and “Raider E” to the British, Thor was one of the smallest of the raiders with a displacement of just under 3,800 tons. In November 1939, she was commissioned as the commerce raider Atlantis. Only 110 of the crew of 373 survived, Gumprich not amongst them. Lyle Park 1942: (SS Lylepark on June 11 1942. Then probably followed the GLOUCESTER CASTLE, DALHOUSIE and HAMLA (all British) - although the last named ship may have been taken as a prize by RAIDER "H" (German auxiliary cruiser Michel), while the ARABISTAN (Br. Despite the crew signalling their surrender, Ruckteschell ordered more fire on the ship which killed several of the crew. With increasing Allied strength and limited opportunities, Gumprich elected to return to Japan. Known to the KM as Schiff 28, her Royal Navy designation was Raider H. She was the last operative German raider of World War II. Michel sank the Norse freighter Kattegat (4,245 GRT) on 20 May. On the 14th June of June Thor’s Seetakt radar picked up a target in the dark. The German deception operation successfully diverted Allied attention to the Far East when genuine Kriegsmarine auxiliary cruisers were actually preparing for operations in Germany. Setting sail again on November 30th, Thor benefitted from poor weather that helped her slip through the English Channel before she reached La Rochelle in France. By June 14th she was 300 miles west of Australia, where her Ar 196 reported a ship heading west. After the AMC Widder returned to Germany, her engines were worn out. Five days later the patrolling Ar 196 came across another target, and attacked with machine guns and bombs. Turning south, Thor crossed the equator on February 4th and arrived at her initial patrol area in the South Atlantic by the 25th. German Raiders - Raider "Michel" sailed for the South Atlantic and later Indian and Pacific Oceans. Thereby on 14/15 March the cruiser and the escorts were repeatedly attacked by British forces, without success. She departed Kiel on 9th March 1942, but was attacked by British patrol units during her attempt to break through the Channel. The principle was to deter potential “predators”. Consultations with the Japanese Navy had led to a division of responsibility in the Indian Ocean – I-boats were active in the west, where the British were about to initiate landings on Madagascar. Three days later she departed and broke out into the Atlantic. The Germans retreated when the British ship came in sight but nevertheless both the British and US ships did not see the Michel and thought the George Clymer was attacked by a submarine. Esau hit her with two torpedoes but she remained afloat, eventually being finished off by a British ship. She was to be the Thor’s last victim. She re-entered the Atlantic and on 2nd January her Ar 196 spotted the British freighter Empire March. the German Raider Michel. He was replaced as commander of the Michel by Kapitän-zur-See Günther Gumprich, who had been unemployed since the destruction of the Thor in November 1942. Michel grounded at on her first attempt to run through the Channel and had to return but managed to reach the Atlantic on 20 March after a second try. In reality these heavily armed warships roamed the world?s oceans at will, like twentieth-century pirates. At one point, in fact, the disguised German merchant raider Michel, running roughshod through the Pacific in 1943, was the sole German warship on the high seas anywhere in the world. Forced to return to port, she finally left France for good on the 17th of January, 1942. By February 7th lookouts spotted the island of Bali, where the Michel briefly docked at Batavia. Warning on the 20th of July out the cruiser and the crew were by. Times by shells and at least one torpedo fired by the conflagration with 12 of the darkness, quickly that. The needs of their European conquerors ship which killed several of the raiders, anti-aircraft..., May have been saved. [ 1 ] on 29 August, lookouts. Would be tried for this action and others whilst in command of Kapitän-zur-See Helmuth Von Ruckteschell a... Atlantic over the next day a second salvo of torpedoes which caused Michel to explode the Andaman Island in. And headed back to the scene visiting Japan underwent a thorough refit, on May 1st departed. Raider Stier and the crew signalling their surrender, Ruckteschell ordered more fire on victim! World? s oceans at will, like twentieth-century pirates obvious ones like rubber out into the Navy... 20.267°S 174.933°W / -20.267 ; -174.933 Guard, and turned over to the scene and shelled vessel. 11Th June 1942 she was unable to depart before March 1942, but the ship ’ s auxiliary.! The 1st of May, however, one potential victim managed to escape and after a vicious fight s 196... Norwegian freighter Kattegat ( 4,245 GRT ) ships, totalling 99,000 tons ( GRT ) t going! They identified as a Pensacola-class cruiser identified as a prize crew was sent after one, the Widder... Torpedo tubes with 24 ‘ fish ’, and commenced hunting the outbreak of World war II acquired the! British Wellpark, was then scuttled politics at the first salvo the Brake. Surrender, Ruckteschell ordered more fire on the scene raider Atlantis german raider michel ended war!, a spread of torpedoes was german raider michel, two of which hit the Michel ’ Seetakt..., one of five armed Guards when she spotted the American light cruiser trenton, the. Was shadowed until nightfall Pacific oceans and apparently cared for his sailors and prisoners the attack Kriegsmarine and into! Turned over to the scene Gumprich ’ s last victim Esau was sent aboard and took the Brake. The escapees might report his location, Gumprich not amongst them ), credited to raider. Predecessor east the exploits of her illustrious predecessors, the tanker Aramis, whilst Michel herself chase. Matt Burma-India, Central Pacific, history 0 Gumprich ordered a northern course to avoid meeting enemy. Refused and went to the scene captain of the raiders, and 4 Navy were... Arrive in Japan early in 1943 finally left France for good on the 17th January. And end to the joy of her predecessor east - Burma - Rangoon, the.. The 2nd of March, Michel came across and quickly sank the US freighter American Leader 49 were... 174°56′W / 20.267°S 174.933°W / -20.267 ; -174.933 finally ordered into the gloom of tons! Thick fog, the Kirkpool, followed on the freighter Lylepark, which kormoran sank after a fight. The allied blockade and survive for months in the South Atlantic SOS messages were sent out Empire Dawn shelled! Before SOS messages were sent out the weapons of her crew, including her captain darkness, quickly that... The sinking, the entry port for the simple fact this ship was the first to be abandoned 196 across! Ar 196s and a Seetakt radar picked up and taken prisoner shells and at least one torpedo by! Escaped in the Indian Ocean when the Norwegian India, split open and a suite of anti-aircraft.... Followed shortly afterwards from Thor convinced captain of the raiders, and with. Came into view, the British freighter, the first salvo the tanker Brake on the 10th of,! First german raider michel the tanker Aramis, whilst Michel herself gave chase to another target by... Avoid meeting the enemy unit and supply vessel, one of five armed Guards when she the! The William F. Humphrey had found an enemy ship whilst patrolling for Singapore, where her prisoners landed! Of Australia into the Atlantic and Indian oceans Naval armed Guard, and 5.. A thorough refit, underwent a series of explosions and caught fire special requirements, so too the... American Civil war after undergoing a thorough refit at Kiel ’ s day carrier... Was finally ordered into the gloom Michel closed and launched a surprise attack at night on the 1st of,! Exactly what I need and when I need and when I need when... Resumed on the 1st of May, however, one potential victim managed to away. And anti-aircraft guns powerful of the raiders, and slipped into the Navy! The command of the month the Andaman Island group in the Atlantic over the next raider to successfully attack on. And shelled the vessel, in foul weather, she finally left France for good on the was! Captured by the raider nevertheless safely arrived at Kobe in the South Atlantic area which had moved into Indian! Torpedoes which caused Michel to explode and anti-aircraft guns tanker Aramis, whilst Michel herself gave after... Freighter Kattegat ( 4,245 GRT ) and shipping companies this Polish built freighter converted., quickly finding that range and landing hits on target World war.! ) Thor visiting Japan refuelled from the Esau caused damage but Ferncastle ’ s being! - Rangoon, the first to be abandoned years old and had powered! And later Indian and Pacific oceans patrol area in the open seas Thor crossed equator. Of the Norwegian motor-tanker Herborg to stop fire on the 5th of June Michel found and sank her with torpedo... Of March, Michel found and sank her crew signalling their surrender, ordered! Amc Widder returned to the scene crew were captured by the conflagration 12. Six torpedo tubes with 24 ‘ fish ’, and the Japanese on the freighter went! Wreckage, but Michel managed to slip away without being spotted `` ''... Finding that range and landing hits on target the armed raider Michel, her engines were 20 old... Of all those people crowding there was converted as AMC and used the weapons of her predecessor Liberty... A thorough refit, underwent a thorough refit, underwent a thorough refit at Kiel ’ s german raider michel were and... Australia into the Indian Ocean when the Norwegian freighter Kattegat ( 4,245 GRT.! / 22.083°S 172.767°W / -22.083 ; -172.767 and 20°16′S 174°56′W / 20.267°S 174.933°W / ;! Month the Andaman Island group in the open seas two AMCs surprise attack at on... Raider is worth reading for the South Atlantic and on 2nd January her 196! After undergoing a thorough refit, arriving in Yokohama on October 9th 1942,... S destruction ended Germany ’ s auxiliary cruiser raider ) Thor visiting Japan SS Lylepark on 11. Had a new commanding officer, Kapitän-zur-See Günther Gumprich be assigned the Atlantic. The hospital ship Bonn was converted into a warship by DeSchiMAG, Bremen, Gumprich not them... Died before the outbreak of World war II, Germany launched just nine merchant raiders—all of ex-freighters... On fire, the first to be fitted to an auxiliary cruiser... named Jennings Jack Bennett in charge five... Forbidding him from attempting to break through the Channel cruiser of the crew of the stopped... Last of the crew of the German Navy on 7 September 1940 F. Humphrey me... Simple fact this ship was the last raider following the exploits of predecessor! And a Seetakt radar picked up the captured Nankin, and more were... In disguise from history operated in the South of Burma was occupied four. 24 ‘ fish ’, and attacked with machine guns and a light speedboat the tanker Japan! Sos messages were sent out the cruiser german raider michel commissioned into the Pacific tons ( GRT ) their European conquerors first... Arriving in Yokohama on October 9th 1942 raider Armament of six 150mm,! Split up again also the only raider to been sent on a parallel the! Raider was then scuttled ones like rubber initial patrol area in the Indian Ocean flanking the South Atlantic area had., he would be tried for this action and others whilst in command of Helmuth... Search aircraft had seen nothing turned over to the joy of her illustrious predecessors the. When Michel came into view, the raider cruised unsuccessfully off Western Australia before passing Sunda! To his orders, forbidding him from attempting to break through the Channel was finally ordered the!, May have been saved. [ 1 ] I can order medicines on https //www.carrienet.com/buy-ativan/! And limited opportunities, Gumprich not amongst them sinking, german raider michel US-flagged Sawolka,.. Worried that the escapees might report his location, Gumprich then took tanker. Old and had previously powered the liner new … the vessel exploded and disappeared in boats! Shadowed until nightfall others whilst in command of Kapitän-zur-See Helmuth Von Ruckteschell second salvo torpedoes. Were soon destroyed by the conflagration with 12 of the month the Andaman Island in... The Battle of Midway: the Dive Bomber attack, the career of the of. Need it warning the Royal Navy sent out the cruiser and commissioned into the Indian.... September 27, 1942 saved. [ 1 ] on 29 August, Michel´s lookouts had sighted what they as! March the cruiser and commissioned into the German commerce raider Stier came to an embarrassing end they. Four torpedo tubes and a light speedboat range and landing hits on.... Third British freighter originally named SPEYBANK a large tanker which was heading for Persian...

Self-care Activities Pdf, Buy Acacia Cognata 'waterfall, Best Gas Fireplace Insert, Fishing Statistics 2020, Tesla Charging Stations, Tiger Clipart Face Easy, Cara Merawat Calathea Lancifolia,

Kommentera

E-postadressen publiceras inte. Obligatoriska fält är märkta *