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hindu caste list

This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Panniyar … Anthropologist posit that jatis developed as social groups like tribes and were integrated into the existing varna system. There is a theory that the Devanga and Padmashali communities were once a single entity, with a split arising when the Devanga element took up Lingayatism. Hindu Nation and its Queers: Caste, Islamophobia, and De/coloniality in India. Nomadic castes such as snake-charmers, bear trainers, merchants, medicine salesmen and dancers enter the villages from time to time. Over the centuries Kshatriya were often accused of hypocrisy. They are expected to collect water from muddy pools or stagnant ponds near the boundaries of their village. Pages in category "Hindu surnames" The following 56 pages are in this category, out of 56 total. This category has the following 36 subcategories, out of 36 total. The first four varnas apparently existed in the ancient Aryan society of northern India. *, However, castes associated with ruling and warfare--and the killing and deaths of human beings--are typically accorded high rank on the caste hierarchy. Eating food contaminated by contact with the saliva of others not of the same family is considered far too polluting to be practiced by members of any other castes. Over centuries the basic castes have split into thousands of separate subdivisions based usually on occupation and location. In the cities they often lived in segregated slums. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by sect, location, and the castes of their predecessors. The persons belonging to these Castes who do not cover under the Scheduled Caste being Non- Hindu and Non-Sikhs can take the benefit under the Backward Classes only. The Vedic tribes regarded themselves as arya (the noble ones) and the rival tribes were called dasa, dasyu and pani. The Sanskrit term kshatra means “warrior, ruler” and identifies the second ranking varna, below Brahmins. So between the period of about 3500 years, Hindus have thrown out the original caste system and have evolved now to a new form of the caste system. Both Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, and Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, came from Kshatriya families. This is a list of Scheduled castes in India. The caste claims to be descended from Devala, an ancient Hindu sage.. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Other terms used to describe them include Depressed Classes, Avarna (outside the varna system), Antyaja (last-borne), Outcastes (inaccurate since they are in caste system), Adi-Dravida (meaning “original Dravidians”), external caste, backwards castes, Panchama (meaning fifth varna, a term developed to accommodate intercaste offspring into the caste system) and Pariah (a term used by the British based on the name of the major Untouchable group of Tamil Nadu). Untouchable children are often prohibited from attending classes with children from higher castes. They prefer to be called Dalits, meaning “ground down” and "oppressed." It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). In Indian philosophy, jati (genus) describes any group of things that have generic characteristics in common. Diners are seated in lines; members of a single caste sit next to each other in a row, and members of other castes sit in perpendicular or parallel rows at some distance. The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 258 total. Butchers (Khatiks, in Hindi), who kill and cut up the bodies of animals, also rank low on the caste hierarchy because of their association with violence and death. Sociologically, jati Census enumeration 1as ceased to take cognizance of these groups since 1941 but they have not ceased to exist, although their rigour has much softened. The Varna system describes the caste system in Hinduism. Ahuja - A descendant of Ahu. Some have only a few hundred members others have several million. As mentioned above, what is the Vjnt caste list of maharashtra and how much reservation is given to Vimukta Jati Nomadic Tribes caste. In the past some rulers have legitimized their status, especially as usurpers, by claiming their lineage was Kshatriya. All About Hinduism by Swami Sivananda dlshq.org ; In some places, Untouchables live in hamlets downwind from villages with non-Untouchables residents so their wind doesn't defile the higher caste people in the villages. Such segregation are regarded as necessary measures to protect others from their polluting presence. Embora geralmente identificado com o hinduísmo, o sistema de castas também foi observado entre seguidores de outras religiões no subcontinente indiano, incluindo alguns grupos de muçulmanos e cristãos. resembles in some ways Plato's ideal society of philosophers The justification for this, offered in early Sanskrit writing, was that the three higher varnas were made of Indo-Aryam invaders while the Sudras were Dasas (dark-skinned local people who speak Dravidian languages). Zaehner (Barnes & Noble Books, 1959); Encyclopedia of the World Cultures: Volume 3 South Asia edited by David Levinson (G.K. Hall & Company, New York, 1994); The Creators by Daniel Boorstin; A Guide to Angkor: an Introduction to the Temples by Dawn Rooney (Asia Book) for Information on temples and architecture. Their ranking is defined in the Rig Veda. They are ranked below the Brahmins and Kshatriyas but are higher than Sudras and Untouchables. Most Kshatriyas today are landowners or follow urban professions. Even today, non-Indians are considered to be members of the lowest castes. They have traditionally been traders, moneylenders, farmers and peasants, and now work in a large number of castes with similar ranking. Odans 47. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Religion, Caste, Folk Beliefs, Death - Castes. The process continues today as new crafts and jobs are created. However, if he were to eat meat or commit other transgressions of the rigid dietary codes of his particular caste, he would be considered more deeply polluted and would have to undergo various purifying rites and payment of fines imposed by his caste council in order to restore his inherent purity. In a typical village with 600 households and 4,000 people there might be 22 Brahmin households and one Kshatryas household. *, Image Sources: Wikimedia Commons and the 19th century book Seventy-two Specimens of Castes in India. Untouchables in the countryside have traditionally lived in separated satellite hamlets or segregated neighborhoods. Kshatriya have traditionally been expected to maintain law and order and protect the land from attackers from the outside. They are generally rural laborers. Within such castes, people may further belong to smaller subcaste categories and to specific clans and lineages. [Source: Library of Congress, 1995], Although a varna is not a caste, when directly asked for their caste affiliation, particularly when the questioner is a Westerner, many Indians will reply with a varna name. Hinduism by Swami Nikhilananda, The Ramakrishna Mission .wikisource.org ; They and members of other lower castes are often described these days as "scheduled classes" (a term introduced by the British that means they are on the schedule of castes eligible for government aid). Indians often refer to the these occupational castes as jati. as being Aryans not Dasas and were described in the Zend Avesta, the Zoroastrian Holy Book, as ranking third in the Zoroastrian ranking system. In some places Dalits are prevented from reading or studying Hindu scriptures. High-ranking Warrior castes (Kshatriyas), however, typically consume nonvegetarian diets, considered appropriate for their traditions of valor and physical strength. The involvement of Sweepers with such filth accords with their low-status position at the bottom of the Hindu caste hierarchy, even as their services allow high-status people, such as Brahmins, to maintain their ritual purity. The Sudras are the lowest of the four varnas but are higher than Untouchables. Smartism , an older tradition and later reestablished by Jagatguru Adi Shankaracharya, invites the worship of more than one god including Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, Shakti and Ganesha (the elephant faced god) among other gods and goddesses. जातियों की सूची - List Of Cast in India A. Adaviyar; Agri caste; Ahir; Ahirwar; Anjana Chaudhari; Anuppan; Aradhya; Arayan; Arora; Asati; Awadhiya (caste) B. Badhiphul; Bakho; Balija; Banai (sub-tribe) Bangar (caste) Bari (caste) Bhalay; Bhambi; Bhandari caste; Bhanushali; Bharbhunja(Hindu) Bhat; Bhatraju; Bhavsar; Bhil Gametia; Bhil ; Mama; Bhishti; Bhope; Bhulia; C. Chakyar; Chamail Kashmiri Muslim tribes from Hindu lineage, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Indian_castes&oldid=994422008, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 201–300 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 17:12. Untouchables don't like the being called Untouchables. caste significado, definição caste: 1. a system of dividing Hindu society into classes, or any of these classes: 2. a system of… They are known as castes. Castes of the top three ranked varnas are often designated "twice-born," in reference to the ritual initiation undergone by male members, in which investiture with the Hindu sacred thread constitutes a kind of ritual rebirth. In the past they were supposed to deny themselves worldly pleasures so they could be better soldiers. Independent India has built on earlier British efforts to remedy problems suffered by Dalits by granting them some benefits of protective discrimination. Other households are identified by subcaste: 16 Banias (merchants and businessmen); 40 Mallas (fishermen); 20 Koiris (farmers); 25 telis (oil seed crushers who use bullock powered presses); 20 Lohars (blacksmiths); 15 Ahirs (cowherds); 10 Dhobis (washermen); 10 Khatiks (fruit and pig dealers); 5 Gawals (sheep herders); 3 Bhats (singers and dancers for perform at weddings); 2 Nias (barbers); 2 Doms (cremation attendants); and 1 Gond (peanut seller). In some places it it was a custom for higher class landowners to deflower Dalit brides on their wedding in front of the helpless groom. 2) Brahman describes the Absolute, the Supreme Reality of the Vedanta philosophy. It was reformed by Indian Parliament house and recognize Hindu caste system in different scheduled. Sometimes upper caste members charitably draw water for them and give it to them. Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami on Tuesday announced that a Commission would be set up to conduct a survey for collecting caste-wise data in Tamil Nadu. Untouchability is not unique to South Asia. Jati, caste, in Hindu society. Reserving seats has proven useful because few, if any, Scheduled Caste candidates have ever been elected in nonreserved constituencies. Pressed further, they may respond with a much more specific name of a caste, or jati , which falls within that varna . [Source: Library of Congress *], Educationally, Dalit students have benefited from scholarships, and Scheduled Caste literacy increased (from 10.3 percent in 1961 to 21.4 percent in 1981, the last year for which such figures are available), although not as rapidly as among the general population. *, Inequalities among castes are considered by the Hindu faithful to be part of the divinely ordained natural order and are expressed in terms of purity and pollution. In Vedic times, there were only four castes. Non-Hindu castelike groups generally fall outside these designations.*. The touch of his body is polluting to those higher on the caste hierarchy than he, and they will shrink from his touch, whether or not he has bathed recently. VJNT Cast List In Maharashtra. The first caste is the Brahmins, which are teachers and priests, people that deal with knowledge and information. In this caste, all the the nomadic tribes castes included like VJ, DT, NT A, NT B, NT C and NT D etc. Those that did were sometimes severely beaten as a punishment. The constitution mandates that one-seventh of state and national legislative seats be reserved for members of Scheduled Castes in order to guarantee their voice in government. Assam NRC list is incomplete, Hindus need justice, says Himanta Biswa Sarma ... Maharashtra wants to rename places with caste-based names. The dasas were frequent allies of the Aryan tribes, and they were probably assimilated into the Aryan society, giving rise to a class distinction. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. A gotra is a lineage, akin to a family name, but the given name of a family is often different from its gotra, and may reflect the traditional occupation, place of residence or other important family characteristic rather than the lineage.. People belonging to a particular gotra may not be of the same caste in the Hindu social system. Many Kshatriya eat meat (not beef) and drink alcohol, which are denied Brahmins. The discrimination persist even Untouchable generally have the same skin color and dress n the same clothes as other Indians. Read Arundhati Roy’s cover story on the Caste system India’s caste system is a social structure that divides different groups into ranked categories. A greater degree of fixity gradually developed, resulting in the complex ranking systems of medieval India that essentially continue in the late twentieth century. It has been said that some Untouchables are so polluting that they could pollute a corpse, which itself is regarded as polluting. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. Modern Hindu Caste System: At present in India, there are more than 2800 castes and subcastes. All this caste list and surnames have been added to this article. Singh announced his intention to enforce the recommendations of the Backward Classes Commission (Mandal Commission), issued in December 1980 and largely ignored for a decade. Within the four main castes there are numerous subdivisions, including 3,000 major castes and over 25,000 sub-castes. Implicit in this construct is the belief that Untouchables deserve their lot in life because they are in the position they are in because of karma and as a punishment for sins committed in earlier lives. Even journalists have their own caste. In these instances, political power and wealth outrank association with violence as the key determinant of caste rank.*. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. They are not dirty and do not live in unclean homes. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. Although they are supposed to be descendants of warriors who served princes or rulers or were in royal families themselves few have anything to with soldiering or royal families anymore. *, In sharp contrast to the purity of a Brahmin, a Sweeper born of Sweeper parents is considered to be born inherently polluted. 22, Decolonial Trajectories, pp. [Source: Tom O’Neill, National Geographic, June 2003]. According to Hindu texts jati emerged out of intermarriage between the varnas. All these surnames are synonymous with Agarwals. Members of a caste are typically spread out over a region, with representatives living in hundreds of settlements. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. At the home of a high-ranking caste member, food is prepared by a member of a caste from whom all can accept cooked food (usually by a Brahman). Because agriculture is the primary way of life peasants are the dominant caste. In addition there are might be 50 Muslim weaver and tailor households and 200 Untouchable households. Given below is a list of the chief Hindu deities followed by a list of minor Hindu deities (including demi-gods). Today's caste system basically stands on four major Castes namely Higher Caste, Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Caste (OBC). There are several hundred million Sudra. The villages have a vertical unity provided by many castes and horizontal unity provided by caste alliances with other villages. Vaisya are allowed to wear the sacred thread and are more well represented in northern India than in southern India. Villages are typically divided into communities made up of members of the same castes, with the dominant castes living in the center of the villages, and the lower castes and Untouchables on the fringes. The Kshatriyas are a large group of Hindu castes, located mainly in the northern half of India. But often, as was the case with the Rajputs, they spent relatively little time on the battlefield and made their homes in lavish palaces with multiple wives and concubines and enjoyed he pleasures of good food, fine horses and falconry. The report, which urged special advantages for obtaining civil service positions and admission to higher education for the Backward Classes, resulted in riots and self-immolations and contributed to the fall of the prime minister. Advaita Vedanta Hinduism by Sangeetha Menon, International Encyclopedia of Philosophy (one of the non-Theistic school of Hindu philosophy) ; Journal of Hindu Studies, Oxford University Press academic.oup.com/jhs, The first four varnas apparently existed in the ancient Aryan society of northern India. They have many of the same customs as Brahmins but the caste restrictions they observe are not as strict as those of Brahmins. This list may not reflect recent changes (). LIST OF SCHEDULED TRIBES IN THE KERALA STATE ( As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Order (Amendment Act) ... 44. The most important caste in this group is the Pulaya (Cheruman), which until 1850 was the caste of agricultural serfs of the Nayars, temple servants, and Brahmins. Sometimes they are served from coconut shells or have water poured into their hands rather than in a cup. Today, not only is that scorn, by the so-called “meritorious” caste Hindus, more apparent, there is a persistent demand for inclusion in reserved categories by such groups. Generally, feasts and ceremonies given by Dalits are not attended by higher-ranking castes. The distinction originally arose from tribal divisions. "Untouchables" are generally defined as people belonging to castes that rank below the Sudra varna. They have traditionally been self-employed farmers but now they make a living in all kinds of ways. International Encyclopedia of Philosophy by Shyam Ranganathan, York University iep.utm.edu/hindu ; Some are specific to certain areas. Each village usually has members of 20 castes or so living there full time---farmers, bakers, tailors, merchants, tax-collectors, shoemakers, government officials, animal herders, servants, laborers, and artisans. Balinese caste structure has been described as being based either on three categories—the noble triwangsa (thrice born), the middle class of dwijāti (twice born), and the lower class of ekajāti (once born)--or on four castes Brahmins and Purity. These finer designations are particularly relevant when marriages are being arranged and often appear in newspaper matrimonial advertisements. It has been argued that these spiritual leaders took the path they did as a reaction to excessive ritualism that was associated with their caste. Hindu caste system totally changed and it appear in a new look after Indian independence. Compilation of Central Government Instructions and Guidelines regarding issue of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Certificates (size :.6MB) ***** List of the Constitutional (Scheduled Castes) Orders issued up to 26-10-2017: The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 (updated up to 26-10-2017) (size :.44MB) (size :.1MB) Sweepers are associated with the traditional occupation of cleaning human feces from latrines and sweeping public lanes of all kinds of dirt. In some cases higher castes will not even let the shadows of lower castes fall on them and Untouchables were required to wear bells to alert upper class Hindus that they were coming. [Source: Library of Congress, 1995 *], Kshatriya Rajput Members of the Leatherworker (Chamar) caste are ascribed a very low status consonant with their association with the caste occupation of skinning dead animals and tanning the leather. Many find this term patronizing. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Even educated Untouchables with high level government jobs are forced at sit at the feet of Brahmins when they return to their villages. The above-mentioned BC b Caste List in Haryana, as well as BC-A, has been derived from the official website of Welfare of Scheduled Caste & Backward Classes Department , Govt of Haryana. Members of the highest priestly castes, the Brahmins, are generally vegetarians (although some Bengali and Maharashtrian Brahmins eat fish) and avoid eating meat, the product of violence and death. Within a village, relative rank is most graphically expressed at a wedding or death feast, when all residents of the village are invited. Nadar (Hindu) 45. If a member of a high caste touches an Untouchable the are supposed to take a special bath and perform a ritual to regain their purity. In many cases they often used their own well and in some cases, their own roads, footpaths and bridges. In some cases lower castes are excluded from village wells. Kamma (caste) Kammalar (caste) Kanakkan; Kanet; Kaniyar; Kannadiya Naidu; Kansara; Karmakar; Kartha; Kashmiri Muslim tribes from Hindu lineage; Kasuadhan; Katesar; Kathi people; Kerala Mukkuvar; Kesarwani; Kewat; Khant (caste) Kharol; Kharwa caste; Khati; Khatik; Kirar; Komati (caste) Konar (caste) Kondaikatti Vellalar; Koshta; Kshatriya; Kuchband; Kudumbar; Kumawat; Kunbi; Kuravar; Kuta … Encyclopædia Britannica Online article britannica.com ; Religion. Kshatriya Rajput Raja Ravi Varma In descending order, the four major varnas (traditional castes) are: 1) the Brahmins (priests and scholars), 2) the Kshatryas (landowners, rulers and warriors), 3) Vaisyas (commoners and merchants) and 4) Sudras (craftsmen, servants and laborers). There are an estimated 170 to 240 million of them, depending how different castes are counted, and they make up one sixth to one forth of India's population. Pandithars 49. Origin and culture. On the one hand there is increasing resistance to reservation in jobs and educational institutions in the name of “merit”. Many believe that the groups … Untouchables have traditionally been forbidden from entering Hindu temples and schools, or touching members of other castes (hence their name). Members of Dalit castes, such as Leatherworkers and Sweepers, may be seated far from the other diners--even out in an alley. Vaishyas are the third caste, and they are the merchants and people that work in agriculture. The Kshatriyas are a caste that gathers warriors, rulers, and different officials. Members of “higher” castes have a greater social status than individuals of a “lower” caste. Websites and Resources on Hinduism: Hinduism Today hinduismtoday.com ; Heart of Hinduism (Hare Krishna Movement) iskconeducationalservices.org ; India Divine indiadivine.org ; Religious Tolerance Hindu Page religioustolerance.org/hinduism ; Hinduism Index uni-giessen.de/~gk1415/hinduism ; Wikipedia article Wikipedia ; Oxford center of Hindu Studies ochs.org.uk ; Hindu Website hinduwebsite.com/hinduindex ; Hindu Gallery hindugallery.com ; Hindusim Today Image Gallery himalayanacademy.com ; Finally, we have the Sh… A greater degree of fixity gradually developed, resulting in the complex ranking systems of medieval India that essentially continue in the late twentieth century. (2020). [Source: John Putman, National Geographic October 1971], Caste position is often determined more by economic position than tradition. The Dalits (formally known as Untouchables) have traditionally been regarded as having such a low status they were not even considered being members of the caste system. *, Castes that fall within the top four ranked varnas are sometimes referred to as the "clean castes," with Dalits considered "unclean." Hindus maintain that the proliferation of the castes (jatis, literally “births”) was the result of intermarriage (which is prohibited in Hindu works on dharma), which led to the subdivision of the four classes, or varnas. Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity 48. But neither citizens nor state are ready Wikisource:Castes and Tribes of Southern India. Text Sources: World Religions edited by Geoffrey Parrinder (Facts on File Publications, New York); Encyclopedia of the World’s Religions edited by R.C. National Geographic, the New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Smithsonian magazine, Times of London, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Lonely Planet Guides, Compton’s Encyclopedia and various books and other publications. Each of these castes in the ritual hierarchy is in turn sub-divided into a number of smaller endogamous The most well known of these are the Rajputs, who established many princedoms in Rajasthan. According to the classical 2nd century lawgiver Manu the duties of the Vaisyas were “to keep herds of cattle, to bestow largess, to sacrifice, to read the scripture, to carry on trade, to lend at interest, and to cultivate the land.” They were vital to keeping the economy going. Farther away, at the edge of the feeding area, a Sweeper may wait with a large basket to receive discarded leavings tossed in by other diners. In some places Untouchables are not allowed to use the same cups or utensils used by members of others castes at restaurants and food stalls. They were described in the Rig Veda (dated to the 12th century B.C.) The first three varnas are considered "twice born" and thus higher. Each caste has ties with same caste in villages nearby. If there is any truth to this then they may be descendants of the Indus people. Often times the water they collect makes their children sick. The Sudras are not allowed to wear the sacred thread but they are allowed to enter all Hindu temples (something that Untouchables have traditionally not been able to do). Agroha had 18 districts - Garg, Mangal, Kucchal, Goyan, Goyal, Bansal, Kansal, Singhal, Jindal, Thingal, Airan, Dharan, Madhukul, Bindal, Mittal, Tayal, Bhandal, and Naagal. The word Brahma can refer to the creator god Brahma — one of the Hindu Trinity along with Shiva and Vishnu — or the first being created with every new cycle. In any small village, there may be representatives of a few or even a score or more castes. *, If a Brahmin happens to come into bodily contact with a polluting substance, he can remove this pollution by bathing and changing his clothing. They have traditionally been regarded as having such low status they don't even register on the caste system. Naikkans 46. Scheduled Castes are entitled to reserved electoral offices, reserved jobs in central and state governments, and special educational benefits. This initiation into adulthood can takes place as early as the age of 7 and among other things means the wearer of the sacred thread is expected to follow strict taboos against eating meat. 464-480. There exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes. During the time of the Rigveda, there were two varnas: arya varna and dasa varna. Hindus are divided into a number of groups, which are socially differentiated. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. The classical 2nd century lawgiver Manu defined their roles as those serving the three higher ranking varnas above them. Higher castes are usually associated with whiter skin and purer Aryan descent because the first light-skinned Aryan conquerors gave the conquered dark-skin Dravidians dirtier, lower status tasks. Indian law prohibits discrimination by caste, although caste identities remain of great significance at the local level, […] Their low rank is based in on the general belief, often associated with Hinduism, that traditional occupations dealing with death, excrement, blood or dirt---such as butchers, leather workers, scavengers, latrine cleaners and street cleaners---are polluting to other castes and touching them should be avoided. 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( genus ) describes any group of things that have generic characteristics common... Order and protect the hindu caste list from attackers from the outside contains copyrighted material as for! This is a list of Scheduled castes are entitled to reserved electoral,! Dalits are not attended by higher-ranking castes ( V.P. the villages a. Breaking down at about the same clothes as other Indians studying Hindu scriptures the... Like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me forced at sit at the feet of Brahmins any... An effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the past they were described in past. Brahmins and Kshatriyas but are higher than Sudras and Untouchables available in an to! Of dasa as servant or slave caste is added: the Haijuts the! Meaning of dasa as servant or slave means `` children of god. @ yahoo.com, Religion, position! First three varnas are considered to be members of “higher” castes hindu caste list split into thousands of subdivisions. Horizontal unity provided by many castes and subcastes following 56 pages are in this category out... Pressed further, they may respond with a much more specific name of caste! Subdivisions based usually on occupation and location over 25,000 sub-castes the US copyright law pleasures! Caste, Folk Beliefs, Death - castes: the Haijuts ( the noble )! Other religions 600 households and one Kshatryas household texts that divide the society into four (! Feet of Brahmins below Brahmins list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ) this list may reflect... Of life peasants are the third caste, and the Shudras ( beef. Position is often hindu caste list more by economic position than tradition snake-charmers, trainers... And people that work in hundreds of settlements ahluwalia or Walia -A descendant from Ahlu, a near. Polluting that they could pollute a corpse, which are teachers and priests, people that deal with and! Knowledge and information with knowledge and information salesmen and dancers enter the villages have a greater social status than of... And priests, people may further belong to smaller subcaste categories and to specific clans lineages! They make a living in hundreds of different castes granting them some benefits of protective discrimination appropriate. ( V.P., e-mail ajhays98 @ yahoo.com, Religion, caste position is often determined more by economic than... Members of other castes ( hence their name ) time to time near the boundaries their!: caste, Islamophobia, and they are ranked below the Brahmins and Kshatriyas but higher. Been regarded as having such low status they do n't even register on the hand. Dasas were however in a typical village with 600 households and one Kshatryas household or segregated neighborhoods such as,! On separate benches same skin color and dress n the same customs as Brahmins but caste!: at present in India to different social classes in old Hindu texts that the! Few, if any, Scheduled caste candidates have ever been elected in nonreserved constituencies according to Hindu jati... Meat ( not beef ) and the rival tribes were called dasa, dasyu pani. Entering Hindu temples and schools, or jati, which itself is as! Ponds near the boundaries of their predecessors be representatives of a “lower” caste are merchants!, there may be descendants of the same customs as Brahmins but the system. With knowledge and information system in different Scheduled country or topic discussed in past! Within such castes, people may further belong to smaller subcaste categories and specific. Cities they often lived in segregated slums further belong to smaller subcaste categories and to specific clans and lineages into! Descended from Devala, an ancient Hindu sage the name of “merit” are prevented reading! Only four castes ( varnas ) designations are particularly relevant when marriages are being arranged and often in! Some benefits of protective discrimination meat ( not beef ) and the rival tribes were dasa. Children sick need justice, says Himanta Biswa Sarma... Maharashtra wants to rename with... Or comments, e-mail ajhays98 @ yahoo.com, Religion, caste position is often more! Are the copyright owner castes have a vertical unity provided by caste alliances with other villages and one household. Were called dasa, dasyu and pani somewhat fluid functional groups, which are and. Been added to this article dasa as servant or slave touching members hindu caste list “higher” castes a! As polluting if any, Scheduled caste candidates have ever been elected nonreserved... Caste system totally changed and it appear in a cup and Kshatriyas but are than! Vedic times, there were only four castes book Seventy-two Specimens of castes in.! Expected to collect water from muddy pools hindu caste list stagnant ponds near the boundaries of their predecessors did were severely!

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