Thus, the entire botanical name Chrysophyllum albidum literally means a plant whose leaves are gold coloured and whose fruits produce white milky sap. Apple trees are deciduous with alternate, toothed, oval leaves 1 … They do not fall when ripe but must be hand-picked by clipping the stem. ‘Alasa’ is African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) The skin and rind (constituting approximately 33% of the total) are inedible. It is given as a treatment for diabetes mellitus, and as a decoction is gargled to relieve angina. In most natural languages, a noun is masculine, feminine or neuter. The Ewe people call miracle berry ‘ele’ and the Akans ‘asoa’. user = "newswires"; To start, I peeled the fresh fruit and allowed it to sit for 48 hours in a … document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); Grammar zone! Being a natural language, English allows the term alumni to be used to describe a mixture of both male and female graduates (cf: old boys). The seeds lie side-by side within the fruit, such that when the fruit is cut on a cross-section, the seeds are arranged in a star formation, hence the name of the fruit. In Venezuela, the slightly unripe fruits are eaten to overcome intestinal disturbances. 3. Conversely, in the name Acacia albida, the genus name Acacia ends in ‘a’ showing that it is feminine (cf: formula & alga with formulae & algae). A decoction of the tannin-rich, astringent bark is drunk as a tonic and stimulant, and is taken to halt diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhages, and as a treatment for gonorrhea and "catarrh of the bladder". CROSS POLLINATORS. In India, a mature star apple tree may bear 150 lbs (60 kg) of fruits in the short fruiting season of February and March. Budded or grafted trees have been known to fruit one year after being set in the ground. Chat with us via WhatsApp on +233 55 2699 625. Bolivians parboil the edible portion, and also prepare it as a decoction. But why is ‘alasa’ called African star apple? The star fruit can be round, oblate or ellipsoid 5-10cm in diameter. SUMMARY. It has been utilized for heavy construction and for deluxe furniture, cabinetwork and balustrades. Grafting on the related satinleaf tree (C. oliviforme L.) has had the effect of slowing and stunting the growth. It was introduced into Ceylon in 1802, reached the Philippines much later but has become very common there as a roadside tree and the fruit is appreciated. African star apple (Agbalumo in Yoruba, Udara in Igbo) is a native of many parts of tropical Africa. The African star apple is more commonly known as Agbalumo in Yoruba and Udara in Igbo. The star fruit is yellow or green in color. That ‘alumnus’ is a male graduate but ‘alumna’ is a female one. Known to the Yorubas as Agbalumo, to the Igbos as Udara, and the Hausas as Ciwoh, this fantastic fruit (African Star Apple) has many benefits that would amaze you when compared to its size. In India, the star apple is sometimes inarched on star apple seedlings. *Analyses made in Cuba and Central America. The African Star Apple is a fruit native to West Africa and is particularly prolific in Nigeria, Republic of Benin, Togo and Ghana. #17093). Most star apple trees in tropical America and the West Indies are never fertilized but a complete, well-balanced fertilizer will greatly improve performance in limestone and other infertile soils. Care must be taken to make sure that they are fully mature. This star-like arrangement of seeds in the fruits is the common feature shared by all the members of the genus Chrysophyllum including C. cainito and C. oliviforme. The company’s cultural features focus on maintaining a high level of innovation that involves creativity and a mindset that challenges conventions and standards. This principle holds true for all scientific names—botanical, zoological and bacteriological names. 1. English nouns of Latin origin that end in ‘us’ are masculine; such nouns are pluralized by replacing the ‘us’ with ‘i’ (eg, alumnus becomes alumni). Thus, the Latinized term Chrysophyllum describes the yellow or gold colour of the abaxial side (underside) of the leaves of some star apple plants (see Photo C). Names of Star Apple in various languages of the world are also given. It was recorded by Ciezo de Leon as growing in Peru during his travels between 1532 and 1550. The United States Department of Agriculture received seeds from Jamaica in 1904 (S.P.I. WATERPROOF. Copyright © 1994 - 2020 GhanaWeb. Tread carefully! A decoction of the rind, or of the leaves, is taken as a pectoral. Thus, the sphericity index ( Sp) was accordingly computed ( Mohsenin, 1970) as: (1) S p = ( abc) 1 / 3 a × 100. The glossy, smooth, thin, leathery skin adheres tightly to the inner rind which, in purple fruits, is dark-purple and 1/4 to 1/2 in (6-12.5 mm) thick; in green and white fruits 1/8 to 3/16 in. It may be red-purple, dark-purple, or pale-green. Thinning: Requires good thinning, more than Afri-Blush: Texture: Tree training: Growth vigour is intermediate with a strong horizontal branching habit, ideal for closer spacing and trellis training. Wood: The tree is seldom felled for timber unless there is a particular need for it. Whichever language is the source; the name, once derived, is strictly written according to Latin grammar; ie, the name is Latinized. They appear black at first, with a light area on the ventral side, but they dry to a light-brown. African star apple( chrysophyllum albidum,) is a fruit that contains up to five seeds arranged in a star-like shape. It is pale orange when ruptured producing a sweet milky sap from the pulp and is available during December to April every year. If you have been familiar with star apple and white star apple is one of the closest variety but with white flesh inside instead of purple. Mature trees are seriously injured by temperatures below 28º F (-2.22º C) and recover slowly. It occurs seasonally in West Africa between the months of December to April, and is known by a few names; Agbalumo, Udara, Udala etc. Just drop a comment! Afri Star; DOWNLOAD PDF. ‘Adasima’ is reportedly the name given to this fruit by the Fantes or the Akans in general. 1. Small, inconspicuous flowers, clustered in the leaf axils, are greenish-yellow, yellow, or purplish-white with tubular, 5-lobed corolla and 5 or 6 sepals. Thus, germination is truly epigeal. The star apple tree is a tropical or near-tropical species ranging only up to 1,400 ft (425 m) elevation in Jamaica. Do not confuse star apple with starfruit (Averrhoa carambola) in which the fruit itself is star-shaped. The bitter, pulverized seed is taken as a tonic, diuretic and febrifuge. Popularly called ‘alasa’ by the Ga people of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, African star apple is the fruit borne by the tree Chrysophyllum albidum in the Sapotaceae family. However, it is more or less naturalized at low and medium altitudes from southern Mexico to Panama, is especially abundant on the Pacific side of Guatemala, and frequently cultivated as far south as northern Argentina and Peru. FRUIT CHARACTERISTICS. Apple will help you pick the song by just entering the lyric you know of the music and getting the song in no time. The specific epithet albidum translates into English as white. Amongst the Yoruba of Nigeria, it is called Agbalumo while it is called Udara in the eastern and southern parts of Nigeria, and in the northern (Hausa-Fulani) Part of Nigeria popularly known as Agwaluma . Typical of most endospermic seeds, African star apple seeds produce long hypocotyl hooks which eventually straighten up sending the cotyledons into the air. . Cuban residents in Miami are known to seek the leaves in order to administer the decoction as a cancer remedy. Else where, it is taken as a diuretic, febrifuge and remedy for dysentery. There have been few late frosts in the main apple growing regions, rain and temperatures have been good, so the year is shaping up well for a good apple crop. The three principal dimensions of African star apple seed, longitudinal (a), transverse length (b) and thickness (c). And during this time (October to January each year), you may likely see them displayed in trays by our roadsides and in our markets. Seeds of the Port-au-Prince tree have produced seedlings that have performed poorly in Florida. Star apple varieties. and features to Birds and squirrels attack the fruits if they are left to fully ripen on the tree. How does this knowledge benefit us as teachers/students? Thus, the common name of ‘alasa’ is African star apple. Botanically, African star apple is known as Chrysophyllum albidum. In excess, they cause constipation. 2020 looks to have apples ripening on their normal schedule. Albeit tasting somewhat sour, ‘alasa’ is relished by most children. The ripe fruit, preferably chilled, may be merely cut in half and the flesh spooned out, leaving the seed cells and core. The seeds contain 1.2% of the bitter, cyanogenic glycoside, lucumin; 0.0037% pouterin; 6.6% of a fixed oil; 0.19% saponin; 2.4% dextrose and 3.75% ash. The seedlings bear in 5 to 10 years. In Jamaica, the flesh is often eaten with sour orange juice, a combination called "matrimony"; or it is mixed with orange juice, a little sugar, grated nutmeg and a spoonful of sherry and eaten as dessert called "strawberries and-cream". And that ‘alumni’ and ‘alumnae’ are their respective plurals. Apple is used here because the fruit is shaped somehow like an apple. It’s a lesson worth emulating. It is known among the English man as African Star Apple and its scientific name is Chrysophyllum africanum or Chrysophyllum albidum. Why? Grafted progeny and trees grown from air-layers have borne well here even prior to reaching 10 ft (3 m) in height. It was formerly proposed as a substitute for wax on the shelves of wardrobes and closets. In Brazil, the latex of the tree is applied on abscesses and, when dried and powdered, is given as a potent vermifuge. user = "features"; Green star apple Star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito) is one of the exotic fruits from the family of Sapotaceae and originated from Caribbean but now this fruit is widely cultivated in most of tropical countries.However, it is not type of fruit you could find easily in the grocery stores. There are thousands of different apple varieties, but the basic characteristics of apple trees are the same. Some authors use ‘white’ in place of ‘African’, giving rise to ‘white star apple’. The Apple iPhone 7 is not a waterproof one but is a water-resistant device. Notice that the ‘i’ at the end of these nouns is long—it is pronounced ‘ai’ (eg, fungi /fangai/ and alumni /alamnai) but the ‘ae’ is pronounced ‘ii’ (eg, formulae /formulii/ and alumnae /alamnii/). Star apple trees are most widely grown from seeds which retain viability for several months and germinate readily. This is the origin of the name of the fruit as “STAR APPLE”. Long live practising teachers! Precede the name star apple with the word African, which serves two purposes: helping to distinctively identify the plant and showing the origin of the species. Purple star apple. Latex: The latex obtained by making incisions in the bark coagulates readily and has been utilized as an adulterant of gutta percha. Other members of this family here in Ghana are shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) and miracle berry (Synsepalum dulcificum). However, nouns remain the same irrespective of their case in sentences but adjectives and pronouns are inflected for both gender and case (eg, Ama beats Kofi & Kofi beats Ama but She beats him & He beats her). Somehow ovoid to nearly spherical with slightly pointed tips, the orange or yellow-brown fruits are gathered and sold in most markets in southern Ghana. Studies have shown that a serving of African Star Apple [Agbalumo or Udara] contains just 67 calories; thus making it a good option for people with weight issues. You’ll notice that the two names rhyme. Although the cherry farming business is not popular in Nigeria, the profitability of the business is without a doubt. The genus name Chrysophyllum, of Greek origin, comprises two parts—the prefix Chryso- meaning gold coloured and –phyllum meaning leaf. Botanically called Chrysophyllum albidum, African star apple, which belongs to the plant family Sapotaceae is an edible tropical fruit known by various tribal names. Returning to African star apple, we end by looking at its ecology. It is common throughout most of the Caribbean Islands and in Bermuda. Star apples are generally in season from late winter or early spring to early summer. Thus, seeds must be sown fresh—once extracted or removed from the fruit. The criteria used to describe the shape of the seed are the aspect ratio and sphericity. Apple product and store designs stands out in the marketplace, but at the very center of all Apple’s accomplished is its people. Just take a second look at the spelling of the name. When I was a child, we used the seeds (we called it paki) for very interesting games and the girls used it for beautification and adorned themselves with the inner whitish halves of the seed. It has scientific name Chrysophyllum aibidum. Some of the most noticeable properties of the African Star Apple are its colour and its taste. Both the brown seedcoat and the prominent scar uniquely identify seeds of all plants belonging to the family Sapotaceae. Also known as Agbalumo in Yoruba, Udara in Igbo, and Otien in Edo, the African star apple farming is lucrative. And ‘alasa’ offers us a good chance to refresh our memories on some botanical titbits we might have missed in our secondary school days. African star apple fruit is a seasonal fruit, sometimes oval or rounded in shape with about five seeds inside. about star apple trees - Also know as a Golden Leaf Tree due to the sharp contrast of colors between the deep glossy green top and the silky golden yellow bottoms of the leaves. The seed has a long hilum (/hailum/ = scar) running from one end to the other. Just like every other fruit offered by nature, Agbalumo or Udara as it is popularly known has some wonderful health benefits. african star-apple nutrition facts and nutritional information. Many high-tannin plant materials are believed by Latin Americans to be carcinostatic. Members of the Sapotaceae family are slow-growing, explaining why African star apple seedlings will take more 15 to 20 years to begin bearing fruits. The star apple tree is erect, 25 to 100 ft (8-30 m) tall, with a short trunk to 3 ft (1 m) thick, and a dense, broad crown, brown-hairy branchlets, and white, gummy latex. Later irrigation may be infrequent except during the flowering season when watering will increase fruit-set. The African Star Apple which is fondly called Cherry or Agbalumo or Udara (in Nigeria) is a seasonal fruit in Nigeria.. Apart from the fact that it's enjoyable when taken, it also contains important vitamins and minerals needed by the body for it's normal functioning. Purple star apples have a thick skin attached to a rind. A combination of the chopped flesh with that of mango, citrus, pineapple, other fruits and coconut water is frozen and served as Jamaica Fruit Salad Ice. // End --> Botanically called Chrysophyllum albidum (Fam. Thus, the same expression ‘albidum’ is rewritten to agree with the gender of the genus name; hence Acacia albida. Both have soft, white, milky, sweet pulp surrounding the 6 to 11 gelatinous, somewhat rubbery, seed cells in the center which, when cut through transversely, are seen to radiate from the central core like an asterisk or many-pointed star, giving the fruit its common English name. African star apple otherwise known as Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don is a tropical fruit found in West, East and Central Africa. The foliage is subject to leaf spots from attack by Phomopsis sp., Phyllosticta sp., and Cephaleuros virescens, the latter known as algal leaf spot or green scurf. The tree is grown in southern Vietnam and in Kampuchea for its fruits but more for its ornamental value in West Tropical Africa, Zanzibar, and the warmer parts of India. The tree is not particular as to soil, growing well in deep, rich earth, clayey loam, sand, or limestone, but it needs perfect drainage. Month ago i had dis mild toothache, but started taking star apple with no intention of curing the toothache cos i never knew it could cure it.its now i know cos ive not bin having dat pains again Re: 9 Facts About Agbalumo (African-Star-Apple) by banmee ( m ): 3:24pm On Feb 26 , 2016 As this is done, the flesh will be felt to free itself from the downward half of the rind, and the latter will pull away, taking with it the greater part of the core. 2. And we’ll add more. document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); They are burnt orange fruits with small brown stems at the top. There are some trees in Samoa and in Malaya though they do not bear regularly. Idris Pacas ResearchArticle Extraction and Characterisation of African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) Seed Oil and the AdsorptiveProperties of the Fruit Shell in Ghana MichaelA.Anang ,1 MichaelOteng-Peprah,2 andKwasiOpoku-Boadu1 DepartmentofCemistry,IndustrialCemistryUnit,SchoolofPysicalSciences,UniversityofCCst,CCst,Ghana Vegetative propagation hastens production and should be more commonly practiced. Introduction. Young trees may be killed by even short exposure to 31º F (-0.56º C). Moreover, african star apple content 119 calories, total fat 6 g, 683 mg potassium, 10 g of total carbs, with 4 g of calcium. This plant has no children Legal Status. African Star Apples are a type of fruit that grow in the Pride Lands. // End --> 1 Information 2 Appearance 3 History 3.1 The Ukumbusho Tradition 3.2 Timon and Pumbaa's Christmas 3.3 The Scorpion's Sting 3.4 Little Old Ginterbong African tar apples are used as a food source, as well as to create paint with. The fruit may have up to 10 flattened, nearly oval, pointed, hard seeds, 3/4 in (2 cm.) 020 9101533 & email@example.com. It comes in two main types: a smaller, sour variety and a larger, sweeter one. The apple is a pome (fleshy) fruit, in which the ripened ovary and surrounding tissue both become fleshy and edible. How Star Apple is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Find calories, carbs, and nutritional contents for african star-apple and over 2,000,000 other foods at MyFitnessPal.com. It does well only in the warmest locations of southern Florida and on the Florida Keys. In fact, the names may originate in any language but Greek and Latin are the most common ones. As far as flavours go, this is a marriage made in heaven. Keywords: African star apple seeds, Nutritional quality, Antioxidant, Anti-diabetic potentials For your information, botanical names are never Latin names. African star apple farming in Nigeria is yet to enjoy the attention that has been showered on other fruits. It feels in the hand like a rubber ball. It gives the feel of a rubber ball when in hand. (3-5 mm) thick. The seed of African star apple is highly recalcitrant (a recalcitrant seed is one that dies once it dries). Locate all three photos (A, B & C) mentioned in this write-up at http://www.spyghana.com/alasa-african-star-apple-chrysophyllum-albidum/). Apple’s Organizational Culture Type and Characteristics. Sapotaceae ), African star apple is a popular tropical fruit tree that is widely distributed throughout the southern part of Nigeria. And there we go! It is commonly stated that the star apple is indigenous to Central America but the eminent botanists Paul Standley and Louis Williams have declared that it is not native to that area, no Nahuatl name has been found, and the tree may properly belong to the West Indies. Cuttings of mature wood root well. Apple, (Malus domestica), fruit of the domesticated tree Malus domestica (family Rosaceae), one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. Now, we will discuss about … The alternate, nearly evergreen, leaves are elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 2 to 6 in (5-15 cm) long, slightly leathery, rich green and glossy on the upper surface, coated with silky, golden-brown pubescence beneath when mature, though silvery when young. Consuming 100 gram of star apple offers 14.65 g of Carbohydrate, 9.1 mg of Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid), 1.137 mg of Vitamin B3 (Niacin), 0.49 mg of Iron,1.92 g of Total dietary Fiber, 0.049 mg of Vitamin B1, 1.52 g of Protein, 0.038 mg of Vitamin B2 and 18.95 mg Phosphorus. ‘Alasa’ is African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) Popularly called ‘alasa’ by the Ga people of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, African star apple is … The African star apple (or white star apple; botanical name chrysophyllum albidum), locally known as agbalumo, udara, is a West African origin exotic fruit with a tough leather-like, green to dark orange skin depending on the stage of ripeness. APPLE MUSIC. The rind of this fruit is usually a dark purple color, and the pulp ranges from a light purplish color to white. Interpreting Wetland Status. The heartwood is pinkish or red-brown, violet, or dark-purple; fine-grained, compact, heavy, hard, strong, tough but not difficult to work; durable indoors but not outside in humid conditions. Have you noticed that botanical naming is highly organized? White star apple is tropical fruit, native to Nigeria, Africa. The glossy, smooth, thin, leathery skin adheres tightly to the inner rind which, in purple fruits, is dark-purple and 1/4 to 1/2 in (6-12.5 mm) thick; in green fruits, white and 1/8 to 3/16 in. Used without any modifier, the name ‘star apple’ may specifically refer to Chrysophyllum cainito, which is native to the West Indies or Caribbean. The star apple tree is erect, 25 to 100 ft (8-30 m) tall, with a short trunk to 3 ft (1 m) thick, and a dense, broad crown, brown-hairy branchlets, and white, gummy latex. The fleshy fruit is eaten raw by most people and relished by many others. (3-5 mm) thick. The apple flower of most varieties requires cross-pollination for fertilization. Seed oil of white star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum)—physicochemical characteristics and fatty acid composition Kola Ajewole. Related Links. The name of star apple comes from the star like shape formed by the seeds of the fruit if you cut it in the middle. The African Star Apple is a common fruit in Africa, yet not many of us know the immense benefits of eating the fruit. The African star apple, locally called Cherry, is in full bloom. What? When opening a star apple, one should not allow any of the bitter latex of the skin to contact the edible flesh. It originates from the tropical part of West Africa. During the first 6 months, the young trees should be watered weekly. Because the 5 seeds in the fruit are arranged in a star-like manner (see Photo A. Star apples must not be bitten into. And what about the word ‘star’? Larvae of small insects are sometimes found in the ripe fruits. This name also describes the white milky sap produced when the fruit is cut (see Photo B). Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Star Apple. In Chrysophyllum albidum, the word Chrysophyllum is neuter in gender (cf: medium & forum with media & fora).