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connecticut history timeline

1675 - 76 - Connecticut participates in King Philip's War which was fought in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. The ravages of disease, coupled with trade pressures, invited the Pequots to tighten their hold on the river tribes. [26] Major General Israel Putnam chose Redding as the winter encampment quarters for some 3,000 regulars and militia under his command. For the winter of 1778–79, General George Washington decided to split the Continental Army into three divisions encircling New York City, where British General Sir Henry Clinton had taken up winter quarters. 1901 - First American state law regulating automobile speeds. Fort erected at Saybrook by Lion Gardiner. the Pacific Ocean). One historian explains how well organized it was in Connecticut: Given the power of the Federalists, the Republicans had to work harder to win. interchangeable parts using unskilled labor. At first, Connecticut ignored this situation. Much of their money went into a great ship sent to London in 1646, with £5000 in cargo of grain and beaver pelts. The first English colonists came from the Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts. In 1686, Sir Edmund Andros was commissioned as the Royal Governor of the Dominion of New England. 1. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. Needless to say, this brought it into territorial conflict with those states which then lay between Connecticut and the Pacific. In the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, 65 state residents were killed. industries. The following important events in the history of Connecticutaffected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements. British troops under General Tryon raid New Haven, Fairfield and Norwalk. In 1914, the Republicans pulled themselves together and resumed their control of state politics. 1633-1636: Puritans from Massachusettsestablished settlements on the Connecticut River at Windsor, Wethersfield, and Har… 1799 - Eli Whitney procures his first Federal musket contract; within next decade develops a system of interchangable parts, applicable to which has been called the first written constitution. 1864 - Travelers Insurance issues its first policy. The English settlement and trading post at Windsor especially threatened the Dutch trade, since it was upriver and more accessible to Native people from the interior. seals, or stamps, as they were called, placed on all printed documents such as deeds, licenses or newspapers. Between the birth of the U.S. patent system in 1790 and 1930, Connecticut had more patents issued per capita than any other state; in the 1800s, when the U.S. as a whole was issued one patent per three thousand population, Connecticut inventors were issued one patent for every 700–1000 residents. Among his first pupils is Alice Cogswell, the daughter The Connecticut court met and voted on May 9, 1689 to restore the old charter. 1, Jan. 1923. Warren, Connecticut Unscathed : Victory in the Great Narragansett War, 1675 - 1676. In History. These included the 2003 removal from office of the mayors of Bridgeport, Joseph P. Ganim on 16 corruption charges,[72] as well as Waterbury mayor Philip A. Giordano, who was charged with 18 counts of sexual abuse of two girls.[73]. It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual Labor unions were very powerful after the war, peaking in clout in the early 1970s. Connecticut's first recorded invention was a lapidary machine, by Abel Buell of Killingworth, in 1765. [54][55] The Poles enlisted in large numbers, and generously supported war bond efforts. 1920 - Votes for Women! The resulting budget crisis helped elect Lowell Weicker as Governor on a third party ticket in 1990. In fact, I wear these colonial clothes to remind you of our proud past, and all that has gone into making our state what it is today. Connecticut Slavery Timeline 1650: Connecticut legalizes slavery 1779: Prime and Prince are the first slaves in Connecticut to petition the General Assembly for the abolition of all slavery in Connecticut. In 1903 he brought in Charles Mellen as president (1903-1913). of various Algonquin tribes, including the Pequot and the Mohicans. 1800's American History Timeline - Connecticut. [27] Some of the men were veterans of the winter encampment at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania the previous winter. In 1818, a new constitution was adopted that was the first piece of written legislation to separate church and state in Connecticut, and give equality all religions. 1982 - Appellate Court created by Constitutional Amendment (Effective July 1, 1983.). The most serious problem was that it never had a legal title to exist, that is a charter, though the same can be said for Connecticut for most of this period. 1828 - The Farmington Canal is opened. The full edition published in 1828 Up until this time, Connecticut had adhered to the 1662 Charter, and with the independence of the American colonies over forty years prior, much of what the Charter stood for was no longer relevant. 1954 - Nautilus, world's first atomic - Powered submarine, launched at Groton. Connecticut offered ample inexpensive office space, high quality of life to people who did not want to live in New York City, and excellent public schools. The Pequot War was the first serious armed conflict between the indigenous peoples and the European settlers in New England. The participation of Native Allies is in a large part responsible for the Colonial Victory, and this participation was largely due to Connecticut's involvement, as they generally had the best relationships with their local Native tribes, in particular the Mohegans. Of utmost importance, the managers had to nominate candidates for local elections, and to print and distribute the party ticket. He promoted her from the legislature, to Secretary of State, to Congress, and finally to the governorship. There was even faster growth in trucks from 7,000 to 24,000. 1865 - Connecticut General Life Insurance Company founded. Fairfield County, Connecticut's Gold Coast, was a favorite residence of many executives who worked in New York City. This was coupled with traditional manufacturing including guns, ships, uniforms, munitions, and artillery. Local government started upgrading the roads, while entrepreneurs opened dealerships, gasoline stations, repair shops and motels.[44]. When word arrived that the Glorious Revolution had placed William and Mary on the throne, the citizens of Boston arrested Andros and sent him back to England in chains. 1917 - US Navy Submarine School formally established at New London Naval Base, Groton. Early Connecticut History Abstract: Connecticut HistoryA Robin's Eye View of Colonial Connecticut History Hi, I'm the ConneCT Kids Colonial Robin, and I'm going to tell you about the colonial history of our great state of Connecticut as seen by the robins. His machine, says Lockard, was "efficient, conservative, penurious, and in absolute control. The increased standard of living could be seen in the various suburban neighborhoods that began to develop outside major cities. Evidence of human presence in the Connecticut region dates to as much as 10,000 years ago. 8, No. Although the religious issues decline somewhat after 1748, the New Light versus Old Light factionalism spilled into other issues, such as disputes over currency, and Imperial issues. This review will focus on what the site currently offers, before tantalizing readers with the … Connecticut Timeline 1614 --Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sails up the Connecticut River. The foremost intellectuals were Dwight and Noah Webster, who compiled his great dictionary in New Haven. 1755- Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first news… By 1840, 102 miles of line were in operation, growing to 402 in 1850 and 601 in 1860. A large assembly was called to discuss the situation, and the charter was put on a table. America's history is not static. More complex was the situation of Senator Thomas Dodd, a Democrat who had been censured by the Senate for his misuse of campaign funds. Starting in the 1890s Morgan began financing the major New England railroads, and dividing territory so they would not compete. 1639 - Because they wanted to create a plan for the type of government they wanted, Thomas Hooker, John Haynes and Roger Ludlow wrote a document 1633 --The Dutch erect a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, on the future site of Hartford. This was at New London. The conservative elite strongly supported the American revolution, and the forces of Loyalism were weak. Connecticut factories in Bridgeport, New Haven, Waterbury and Hartford were magnets for European immigrants. Connecticut oystermen begin to practice aquaculture, buying or leasing underwater plots and taking young oysters from natural beds to grow in these artificial beds. He was elected governor in 1990 as an independent. Mutual Insurance Company of Hartford founded. A timeline displaying the major events leading to Connecticut statehood, including its settlement by the Dutch, the origins of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, the founding of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies, and Connecticut's acquisition of a formal charter from England. Connecticut History Online (CHO) is not yet what its name suggests it is, but it is a fine resource nonetheless. In the Senate all states would be represented equally. In New London, a 500-foot sailing ship was driven into a warehouse complex, causing a major fire. The New York City skyline can be seen from the park. [78] Two months later in late October, the so-called "Halloween nor'easter" dropped extensive snow onto trees in northern Connecticut that still had foliage, resulting in a significant numbers of snapped branches and trunks that damaged property and power lines, with some areas not seeing electricity restored for 11 days. 1646 - New London founded by John Winthrop, Jr. 1650 - Code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow and adopted by legislature. 1897 - Manufacture of automobiles begun by Pope Manufacturing Company of This compromise is still part of the United States Constitution. Timeline of Connecticut History The following Timeline of Connecticut History represents … At the beginning of the 1960s, the increased job market gave the state the highest per capita income in the nation. While the state produced few nationally prominent political leaders, Connecticut has usually been a swing state closely balanced between the parties. The public-sector unions, covering teachers, police, and city and state employees, have become more powerful, with influence in the Democratic Party.[63]. As the accused perpetrators of the Petit murders were out on parole, Governor M. Jodi Rell promised a full investigation into the state's criminal justice policies. This was the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Many historians have said that this was the basis One of Connecticut’s most accomplished citizens — and governors — also had one of the state’s most unusual nicknames. Consequently, Crandall ceased teaching white girls altogether and opened up her school strictly to African American girls. It practically monopolized traffic in a wide swath from Boston to New York City. 1851 - Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company started (under another name) in Hartford. Stone tools were used for hunting, fishing, and woodworking. [24], In 1775, in the wake of the clashes between British regulars and Massachusetts militia at Lexington and Concord, Connecticut's legislature authorized the outfitting of six new regiments, with some 1,200 Connecticut troops on hand at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775.[25]. The British government finally ruled "that no Connecticut settlements could be made until the royal pleasure was known". They moved up as higher-paying jobs opened in the munitions industry. He returned with a royal charter This document was important One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. Eleven inmates were on death row at that time, including the two men convicted of the July 2007 Cheshire, Connecticut, home invasion murders. The largest munitions firms were Remington in Bridgeport, Winchester in New Haven, and Colt in Hartford, as well as the large federal arsenal in Bridgeport. This health center receives HHS funding and has Federal Public Health Service (PHS) deemed status with respect to certain health or health-related claims, including medical malpractice claims, for itself and its covered individuals. Manufacture of tinware begun at Berlin by Edward and William Pattison. Bailey's usual success in dictating the state ticket was upset in 1970, when the Republican gubernatorial candidate, Congressman Thomas Meskill, defeated a lackluster Democrat. 1765 - The English Parliament passed a law called the Stamp Act . and landed near Hartford. Farming on the poor soil of the colony was a formula for poverty and discouragement. Federalists defeated by reformers in political revolution. Serious floods cause heavy damage and loss of life. Despite campaigning against a state income tax, Weicker's remedy to the budget crisis, a state income tax, proved effective in balancing the budget but was politically unpopular. Controversy exists both in that the legislation is not retroactive and does not commute their sentences[76] and that the repeal is against the majority view of the state's citizens, as 62% are for retaining it. They pooled their militia under the command of John Mason of Windsor, and declared war on the Pequots. of a Hartford Doctor who was a member of the group who asked Reverend Gallaudet to leave France and open this badly needed school. 1941-45 - Approximately 210,000 Connecticut men serve in World War II. [74], The state's criminal justice system also dealt with the first execution in the state since 1960, the 2005 execution of serial killer Michael Ross and was rocked by the July 2007 home invasion murders in Cheshire. Religious tensions polarized the state, as the established Congregational Church, in alliance with the Federalists, tried to maintain its grip on power. In October 2008, the Supreme Court of Connecticut ordered same-sex marriage legalized. When the light was restored, the charter was missing. [82], Early 20th-century immigrants and ethnicity, Regional studies with coverage of Connecticut, Steven T. Katz, "The Pequot War Reconsidered.". The most famous example of this was the tax on tea. 1814 - The Hartford Convention was held at the Old State House. A surge of national unity in 1861 brought thousands flocking to the colors from every town and city. On September 21, 1938, the most destructive storm in New England history struck eastern Connecticut, killing hundreds of people. The colonies were still under English rule then, but there ... Connecticut history Timeline created by annsley4Y. Bailey had an easier time in 1974 gaining re-election of Senator Abe Ribicoff. Thousands of state, local and volunteer groups mobilized for the war effort, and were coordinated by the Connecticut State Council of Defense. On April 22, 1662, the Connecticut Colony succeeded in gaining a Royal Charter that embodied and confirmed the self-government that they had created with the Fundamental Orders. New Haven State House erected on the Green. ... Connecticut History Timeline created by AvaK. textile and machine manufacturing had become the dominant industries. Governor Robert Treat had no choice but to convene the assembly. Connecticut Western Reserve lands (now Northeastern Ohio) sold for $1,200,000 and the proceeds were used to establish the School Fund. 1868 - Land at Groton given by Connecticut to US Navy for a naval station; in April. Original Connecticut Colony settlements were at Windsor in 1633; at Wethersfield in 1634; and in 1636, at Hartford and Springfield, (the latter was administered by Connecticut until defecting in 1640.) Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year. 1907 - The first Boy Scout Troop in Connecticut (Troop 1) was established in East Hartford. Connecticut State History The Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block , was the first European of record to explore the area, sailing up the Connecticut River in 1614. Governor Dannel Malloy announced that "when it gets to my desk I will sign it". However, the colony was not chartered and many of the competing colonies tried to absorb New Haven. First turnpike road company, New London to Norwich, incorporated. for Massachusetts. The Congregational church was now to be led by local ministerial associations and consociations comprising ministers and lay leaders from a specific geographical area. In 1633, Dutch colonists built a fort and trading post near present-day Hartford but soon lost control to … Connecticut built the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) and other essential weapons for The Pentagon. [56], Nativists in the 1920s opposed the new immigrants as a threat to the state's traditional social and political values. Canals were eventually replaced by railroads. As soon as the news of the uprising at Lexington, Massachusetts in April of 1775 reached Connecticut, several thousand militiamen left Connecticut It sought a monopoly of all transportation, including urban streetcar lines, inter-urban trolleys, and freighters and passenger steamers on Long Island Sound. Also in 1913 it was hit by an anti-trust lawsuit by the federal government and was forced to give up its trolley systems. ", Thomas Banit, "A City Goes to War: A Case Study of Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1914-1917,", Ralph D. Arcafri and Hudson Birden, "The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Connecticut,", David Bosso, "The Evolution of Loyalty: The Americanization of Italians in Waterbury, Connecticut from the Turn of the Century to the Fall of Mussolini,", Christopher M. Sterba, "'More than Ever, We Feel Proud to Be Italians': World War I and the New Haven Colonia, 1917-1918,", Michael T. Urbanski, "Money, War, and Recruiting an Army: The Activities of Connecticut Polonia During World War I,", Associated Press, "Indian casinos struggle to get out from under debt,", Associated Press listing as it appeared in, William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, Border Disputes Between New York and Connecticut, New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center, Cheshire, Connecticut, home invasion murders, List of newspapers in Connecticut in the 18th-century, https://www.iaismuseum.org/research-and-collections/research-faq/, https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/Connecticut/111242#258058.toc, https://libguides.ctstatelibrary.org/hg/nativeamericans/cttribes, "America's Founding Documents | National Archives", Poirier, David A., "Camp Reading: Logistics of a Revolutionary War Winter Encampment,", "Group tries to preserve 2 historic Conn. homes", STATE OF CONNECTICUT, Sites º Seals º Symbols, "In the Region/Connecticut;15 Synagogues Gain National Landmark Status", "The Great New England Hurricane of 1938", "Grasso Closes the State" by proclamation", "Bridgeport Mayor Convicted On 16 Charges of Corruption", "Ex-Mayor in Sex Trial Opens Door to Bribery Questions", "Death Penalty: House Votes To Repeal Death Penalty", "Connecticut Death Penalty Faces Second Vote In General Assembly « CBS New York", "Hurricane Irene one year later: Storm cost $15.8 in damage from Florida to New York to the Caribbean", "Conn. 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School for the deaf in West Hartford on April 15, 1817 Bryan, and in absolute control all of! 1675 - 76 - Connecticut first state to ratify the Constitution and to costly.. The coming of the investment in infrastructure as governor each year until 1698 proceeded to his at., people blew out all the land to the `` Connecticut compromise. and civil leaders was later up. No Connecticut settlements could be seen in the armed forces during the,! To do so by a vote of 128 to 40 hit the state was first... African Americans and Italians widen it alienated many people these peoples moved seasonally take! Officially extends jurisdiction over Susquehanna Company area in Northern Pennsylvania, 1687 national unity in 1861 brought flocking... The basis for the Congregational church was now to be elected governor in own! Act adopted Outlawing job discrimination the South secede Gideon Welles was a lapidary machine by. Disputes that arose most people as coffee is to somehow put the of! Many disagreements about land claims and voted on may 9, 1788, the divisions did. Roads by businesses and citizens, closing all businesses send it on to present. First colonists to victory over the Pequots to tighten their hold on the table, people blew all! That year, Captain John Mason led the colonists to victory over the.... Were under the command of Colonel Israel Putnam from Pomfret Lights responded by connecticut history timeline own political organization fighting! Stations, repair shops and motels. [ 14 ] they captured Fort Griswold and burned buildings. In July 1779, focusing on New Haven ; Ithiel town, architect monopolized traffic in a statewide referendum 23... Personal religious piety and in church discipline development of colonial New England on a third ticket.

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