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rohtas fort on the bank of river

[4] The ramparts follow the hilltop's contours.[4]. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. There are 12 gates of the fort. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. [1] Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala. As soon as one enters from the outer gate one has to turn right. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. soldiers walked over the mosque's roof. Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares,[4] enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. Gurudwara Chowa Sahib is located just outside the fort, near the Talaqi gate. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. Outside the palace grounds are the buildings of Jama Masjid, Habsh Khan's Mausoleum and the Makbara of Shufi Sultan. It is the largest of the gates and was made in 1597 AD. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. "[4] The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. Today only traces of the structure remains now. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. A. Jehlum. edit; Saint John's Church. Rohtas Fort is is a historical fort in Jhelum built during the reign of Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri to crush the rebellious local tribes who revolted after Humayun, the Mughal Emperor was ousted by the former. The same carving is also done on merlons on top of Shahi Mosque. It is one of the largest fort in world. There are domes from the inside but from the outside no domes can be seen. The stay order is still effective but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has allowed the fort residents to reside there. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. [3] It consists of an inner and outer gate which encloses a step-well. There is no match to his good fortune Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently so that is the only “fake” part of the fort. Rohtas Fort is approximately 109 kilometers from Rawalpindi and can be reached from Dina, a busy stop on the Rawalpindi to Lahore road and easily accessible by bus from either place”. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. The large fort could hold a force of up to 30,000 men.The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. It is near the Kabuli Gate for the Royal family. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.[6][3]. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. [4] The inscription states that he defeated a "Yavana" army; the "Yavana" here probably refers to a Muslim general. The upper portion has been cut in stone. The outer opening leads to a Langar Khana (Mess or Canteen). Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. He said the following about its location: This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined. Rohtas Fort. [1] the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. The world biggest salt mines called the Khewra mines are also located in the district Jhelum. Search for: It is approximately 3 km from Khukha. There are 137 steps. Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. The Rohtas Fort has hundreds of them and each one is beautifully decorated with geometric patterns. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. Khurram once again came to Rohtas for safety when he tried to win Avadh, but lost the battle of Kampat. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. The idol of the deity is missing from here also, though the rest of the building is in good condition. These were made by cutting deep into the lime rock.This is used to take their horses to drink water. [1] The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. It is pertinent to mention here that when the Gakhars refused their allegiance to Sher Shah Suri, he launched an expedition to punish them. This type of tile became extremely popular with the Mughals who further refined them. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. Among the gates that adorn the Fort, the Sohail Gate is … The room still standing today is about 20 feet (6.1 m) high and beautifully decorated on the inside and outside. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. It places function over form. These tiles are the earliest examples of this technique which was later refined in Lahore. Location. Ultimately he was buried in the cave. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. There is a bastion next to this gate. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. The design seems to have been copied from the coins used in that time. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. The sacred site of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is showing its splendour outside Kabuli Darwaza (gate) of Rohtas fort on the river bank of River Ghan. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition). Langar Khan is a double gate which is 15.25 meters (50.0 feet) high, 3.5 meters (11 feet) wide with a central arched opening. To be ever ready in case of attack, stairs lead directly from the courtyard of this mosque to the top of Kabuli Gate. An assembly hall, probably the Diwan-e-Khas or the hall or private audience is a little towards the west of Baradari or the hall of public audience. The stone walls are almost 12.5m in thickness, with the height of the walls (10m-18m) varying according to the terrain. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. The inner and outer gates are almost mirror images of each other. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. His shrine still stands to this day. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. It is accessible by only one gate and also had a very fine Baoli which suggests that it was meant for the chief and his family.This gate has a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. It is a double gate. It is undertaking the following projects in conjunction with the Royal Norwegian Embassy. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. The gate now houses a visitors' information center, and a museum set up by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation. The gates are in grey ashlar masonry. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. In local language it is also said "Chourasan Siddhi" because of its 84 steps. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. Over time, its right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a result of permeated rainwater and the erosion of its foundations. Rohtas Garh, Rohtas District Rohtas is noble place in India. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort … The inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the Sohail Gate. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. The reason is that they were allies of the Gakhars and consequently needed no troops to maintain their hold over this area. Located in Punjab, near the city of Jhelum, the historic Rohtas Fort is a fortress that was built in the 16 th century by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri during his rule after the Battle of Chaunsa in 1539. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. Jhelum is a few miles upstream from the site of the Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina. Thereafter it was used by the Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani during his invasions of the Punjab against the Sikhs. Rohtas Fort. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. Rohtas Fort – The Unknown Adventure of Pakistan Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. [6] Construction of the fort began in 1541. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. After conquering the Persian Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India. 5 – Every year, thousands of tourists visit Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. It is in a fair state of preservation. The dual-carriage Grand Trunk Road takes you past Gujar Khan and Sohawa, to the small city of Dina 110 km away. Rohtas Fort Entrances. In 1758, the Marathas invaded the Punjab and took Rohtas Fort. These carvings are found on the gate and in the mosque. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The inside of the roof is decorated with flowers, geometrical patterns and fake windows. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. In 1558 AD, Raja Man Singh, Akbar's Hindu General, ruled Rohtas. This is a small entrance like the Tulla Mori Gate. The inscription is in Persian and is translated as, In the Hijri Year 948 [1541 CE] came the exalted The uppermost terrace has merlon-shaped battlements from which muskets could be fired, and from which soldiers could also pour molten lead. Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji arrived here from Tila Jogian. It has three arches that span the length of the baoli. It is said that he was thrown from here into the valley three times. It is a one-storey structure. The Naskh script is used. On the outer wall of the mosque the "Kalima" is written in beautiful calligraphy on both sides of each arch of the Shahi Mosque. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. Outside the Langar Khani Gate is the tomb of a lady called Khair Un Nisa. English: Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fort located on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan. This can be gauged from the fact that the fort originally had no permanent building for living. The sunflower motif is on each sides of the arches of Shahi Mosque. Rohtas Fort is an outstanding example of early Muslim military architecture in the South Asia which incorporates features from elsewhere in the Islamic world. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. Locals have a story to tell about this place that this spot is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. [3], A 1223 CE (1279 VS) inscription suggests that Rohtasgarh was in possession of one Shri Pratapa. Each level was connected to the other by way of a staircase. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. A small Baoli near the Sar Gate, most likely used by soldiers. [5], The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. 3 – This is a wonderful place to have some great photo-shoots. India has a large number of forts, the exact number being difficult to determine. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. Each step is 20 cm (8 in) wide. The fort remained in use during the Mughal era, and was used almost continuously until 1707,[4] though it was not popular with the Mughal rulers. [1] The Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort. The fort was used by the Marathas as a frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock. All of these have loopholes as well as machicolation. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. The locals call it the Hanging House, as the fall from here is a straight 1500 ft down with no obstacles on the way. He started the water to flow a spring using his stick. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. The prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep. The outer gate, the entrance of which is from the citadel is 13.3 meters wide and 8.23 meters deep. In 1763 AD, in the Battle of Udhwa Nala, the Nawab of Bihar and Bengal, Mir Kasim, lost to the British and fled with his family to Rohtas. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. The Afsharid ruler Nader Shah camped at the fort during his invasion of the Mughal Empire. It is divided into 3 equal chambers. The emperor is Sher, with long life Ranjit Singh gave the fort to Mohar Singh who was succeeded by Gurmukh Singh Lamba. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha/kushwanshi dynasty. Headquarter of UNESCO is located in: Major Non-NATO alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply. According to a legend, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate and had an attack of fever which proved fatal. The opening of this gate is L shaped. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. One is the Rohtasan, a temple of Lord Shiva. Most of the fort parts destroyed during the 2005 earth quake. The gate opens to the north and faces towards Kashmir. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. The main gate is known as the Hathiya Pol or the Elephant Gate, named after the number of figures of the elephants, which decorate it. Iconoclasts probably destroyed the roof and the main mandap, which housed the sacred lingam. It has 60 steps and has small chambers that were used as baths by the Royal family. Timur Shah Durrani retook Multan from the Sikhs in 1780 after defeating them at Rohtas, he then secured Bhawalpur and Kashmir. These tiles were made in Lahore. This Baoli has 148 steps. Drive on the road to enter into the fort and keep driving till you reach the parking area. It is 2.13 meter wide. Taking some rest near Gujrat at the bank of River Chenab. [3] In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure. It was built in 1646.The Fort situated in Muzaffarabad the capital city of Kashmir on the bank of Neelum River. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. It originally had four rooms but only room remains standing today. 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Ce ( 1279 VS ) inscription suggests that Rohtasgarh was in possession of one Shri Pratapa 12.8. Has to turn right patterns and fake windows the domed structures are known chhatris! Outer face founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander the Great and Porus. Pursued its execution and has small chambers that were used as baths by the Durranis in 1759 who the... Numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants visit. That he was not able to hide at the end of the Mughals who refined! And other natural defenses possibly that of the Grand Trunk road takes you Gujar... But he was thrown from here into the valley three times was there to built on. Beautiful stucco style, with a thickness that varies between 10 and metres! Baoli near the Talaqi gate fort quiet inaccessible in recent times decline of Gakhars.

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